Ophthalmology spot diagnosis : Rubeosis Iridis

  Definition: Neovascularization of iris Pathophysiology:┬áCauses that lead to retinal hypoxia┬átriggers release of vasoproliferative factors include vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and others Etiology: 1. Diabetic Retinopathy 2. Retinal Vascular Occlusive Diseases Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Ischaemic Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion… Read More

Ophthalmology Spot Diagnosis: Buphthalmos

A. Synoynms: Hydrothalmos, Congenital glaucoma B. Definiton: Buphthalmos is the enlargement of the eye due to congenital glaucoma. C. Classification: True congenital glaucoma (Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) during intrauterine life) Infantile glaucoma (Birth to 3 years) Juvenile glaucoma (>3 years) D. Pathogenesis: Isolated trabeculo-dysgenesis: Absence… Read More