Synonyms: Gower’s maneuver, Myopathic walking, Butt-first maneuver Identifying Gower’s sign To check for Gower’s sign, place the patient in the supine position and ask him to rise. A positive Gower’s sign – an inability to lift the trunk without using the hands and arms to… Read More
Fully explained past questions for AIIMS, DNB, PGI, AI, JIPMER, CMC, AFMC, AMU, IOM (Nepal) and other PG entrance examinations related to Preventive and Social Medicine (PSM) or Community Medicine – Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Sociology, etc.
Both of these substance use disorders are maladpative patterns of substance use, leading to clinically significant impairment/distress but defined by separate criteria. Substance abuse ≥1 of the following occurring within a 12 month period: Mnemonic: 4 Rs Role failure: Recurrent use resulting in failure to… Read More
Mnemonic: DEPRESSION Major symptoms Depressed mood Energy loss or fatigue Pleasure loss or anhedonia Minor symptoms Retardation or agitation (psychomotor) Eating and weight change (at least 5% in the last month) Sleep changed – insomnia or hypersomnia Suicidial ideation or behavior I‘m a failure (Loss… Read More
Synonyms: Obscured margin sign, Loss of outline sign Silhouette refers to the shadow and derived it’s origin from shadow papercuts done by Etienne de Silhouette. Principle of Silhouette sign On a normal Chest X-ray the well-defined borders of the heart and the domes of the diaphragm… Read More