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rubeosis iridis neovascular glaucoma

Ophthalmology spot diagnosis : Rubeosis Iridis

May 23, 2014 – 4:46 am |

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Definition: Neovascularization of iris
Pathophysiology: Causes that lead to retinal hypoxia triggers release of vasoproliferative factors include vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and others

Etiology:
1. …

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Summary of Clinical Tests and Signs in Orthopedics

June 5, 2014 – 6:18 am |

Adson’s test: for thoracic outlet syndrome

Allen’s test: for testing patency of radial and ulnar arteries

Alli’s test: for DDH

Anvil test: for testing tenderness of the spine

Ape thumb: for median nerve injury

Apley’s grinding test: for meniscus injury

Apprehension test: for recurrent dislocation of the shoulder

Barlow’s test: for DDH

Blue sclera: Osteogenesis imperfecta

Appendicular-skeletonBryant’s test: for anterior dislocation of the shoulder

Callways’ test: for anterior dislocation of the shoulder

Chovstek’s sign: for tetany

Claw hand: for ulnar nerve injury

Coin test: for dorso lumbar tuberculosis of spine

Cozen’s test: for tennis elbow

Drawer test: for ACL and PCL injuries

  1. Anterior : for ACL injury
  2. Posterior : for PCL injury

Finkelstein’s test: for de Quervain’s tenosynovitis

Foot drop: for common peroneal nerve injury

Froment’s sign: for ulnar nerve injury

Gaenslen’s test: for SI joint involvement Read the full story »

Glaucoma basics : Classification of Glacuoma

June 4, 2014 – 2:44 pm |
open-closed angle glaucoma

Definition: Glaucoma is a group of disorders characterized by a progressive optic neuropathy resulting in a characterstic appearance of the optic disc and a specific pattern of irreversible visual field defects that are associated frequently but not invariably with raised intraocular …

Examination of Hip : Trendelenburg test or sign

June 4, 2014 – 7:52 am |
Trendelenburg sign test

Normal: When the body weight is supported on one limb, the abductors (gluteus medius and minimus) of the supported side contract and raise the opposite unsupported side of the pelvis.
Abnormal: If the abductor mechanism is …

Examination of Hip : Bryant’s triangle

June 4, 2014 – 7:30 am |
Examination of Hip : Bryant’s triangle

Synonyms: Iliofemoral triangle
Position: The patient lies supine with the pelvis square, and the limbs in identical position.
Points of the Bryant’s triangle:
The Bryant’s triangle is a right angled formed by:

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS)
Tip of Greater trochanter
Junction …

Pterygium Excision

June 2, 2014 – 8:19 am |
Pterygium excsion bare sclera

Indications for surgery:
1. Reduced vision secondary to:

Threatens visual axis: Pterygium advancing toward or already impinging visual axis
Induced astigmatism: Due to flattening of meridian of pterygium by fibrosis in atrophic stage

2. Cosmesis
3. Significant discomfort not relieved …

Thyroidectomy Basics

June 1, 2014 – 6:30 am |
Thyroidectomy procedure

Synonyms: Thyroid resection surgery, Thyroid removal surge
Definition: Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. A “thyroidectomy” should not be confused with a “thyroidotomy” (“thyrotomy”), which is a cutting into the thyroid, to …

Applied Anatomy of Submandibular Salivary Gland

May 31, 2014 – 1:18 pm |
Submandibular gland

Synonyms: Submaxillary gland (SMG), Mandibular gland
Definition: Submandibular glands are one of the major salivary glands comprised of mixed serous and mucous acini and located below the lower border of the body of mandible. It is the …

Funny Medical Memes

May 30, 2014 – 2:48 pm |
Medical student exam

We have a collection of hilarious memes relating to the medics in attempt to find humor in the hectic schedules of life. Newer images are created and added whenever possible. If you want your meme …

Vestibular examination : Dix-Hallpike Maneuver for BPPV

May 26, 2014 – 12:47 pm |
Dix hallpike maneuver

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the commonest cause of episodic vertigo and is characterized by acute attacks of transient vertigo initiated by certain head positions, lasting seconds to minutes, accompanied by nystagmus that fatigues …

Physical Examination: Gait

May 26, 2014 – 9:44 am |
gait abnormalities patterns

Definition: Gait is the manner or style of walking. It is dependent upon muscles, joints, nervous system and labyrinthine functions.
Normal Gait Cycle:
The gait cycle is the time interval or sequence of motions occurring between two …

Examination of Facial Nerve (7th Cranial Nerve)

May 25, 2014 – 6:18 pm |
facial nerve examination

The anatomy of facial nerve has already been discussed in detail earlier. It is essential to have proper knowledge of anatomy to understand this section of clinical examination of facial nerve.
A) Inspection:
Observe:

Face at rest for …