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final exams

Winter Nights (Poetry)


As I prepare for the MBBS finals:

Smoking winter breath by the freezing cold of December
Shivering, numb fingers struggling to turn the pages over
Sleepless black eyes arduously chasing the blurred lines
A sip of caffeine water to …

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Clinical Medicine »

Nutritional History Made Easy


Energy Requirement

1. For a child with normal body weight:

  • 100 Kcal/kg for 1st 10 kg
  • Add 50 Kcal/kg for next 10 kg
  • Add 20 Kcal/kg for body weight additional to 20 kgs

2. By age:

  • For ≤ 1 year: 100 Kcal/kg/day
  • Every additional years till puberty: Add 100 Kcal/year

Adequacy of feeding:

1. Breastfeeding: Read the full story »

Acute Diarrhea – Approach

ORS acute diarrhea

There is no standard definition of diarrhea. Diarrhea may be defined with one or combination of the following criterion:

Change in consistency of stool: Increased water-content
Increase in freqency of stool: >3 times per day
Increase in weight …

Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) : Approach

kramers chart neonatal jaundice

Jaundice refers to accumulation of bilirubin in the epidermal tissues of the body, resulting in a yellowish tinge to the skin, sclera, and mucosa. Atleast 5 mg/dl of bilirubin level is required for clinically recognizing hyperbilirubinemia.

A) Physiological …

Vision loss – General Appoach

painless loss of vision

Diagnosis of the etiology of vision loss requires a step-wise systematic approach. The vision loss may be sudden or gradual, painful or painless, unilateral or bilateral, etc. One needs to take a detailed ocular history …

Understanding Eye Glass Prescription Slip

glass prescription slip

A phoropter/refractor is an instrument commonly used by eye care professionals during an eye examination, containing different lenses used for refraction of the eye during sight testing, to measure an individual’s refractive error and determine …