Multiple studies have shown that metformin reduces serum B12 levels in 10–30% of patients. The effect increases with the duration of the therapy. Decrease in…Explore more How Metformin Causes Vitamin B12 deficiency?
Diagnostic criteria for DKA a. Plasma glucose (mg/dl): >250 b. Arterial pH: 7.25 to 7.3: mild DKA 7 to 7.24: moderate DKA <7: severe DKA…Explore more DKA : Mnemonic Approach and Clinical Aspects
Both Somogyi effect and Dawn phenomenon are the cause of MORNING FASTING HYPERGLYCEMIA. Mnemonic: Somogyi = So Much InsulinDawn = Down Insulin a. Somogyi effect:…Explore more Somogyi effect and Dawn Phenomenon – Mnemonic
Adrenal cortex synthesize steroids. Mnemonic: GFR – Salt, Sugar, Sex Zona gomerulosa: Salt (Aldosterone) Zona fasciculata: Sugar (Cortisol) Zona reticulosa: Sex (Testosterone) Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)…Explore more Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Basics : Explained with Mnemonics
cAMP Mechanism Mnemonic: FLAT CAMP B-HCGS Remember “B-FLAT” mnemonic for hormones secreted by basophilic cells of the anterior pituitary. This is the same “FLAT” here.…Explore more Signaling Pathways of Hormones : Mnemonic
Short History of HGH HGH is becoming more and more popular among the sportsmen and bodybuilders these days. However, many people still don’t have a…Explore more Short History of HGH
Ketosis and Ketonuria Ketosis and Ketonuria may occur whenever increased amounts of fat are metabolized, carbohydrate intake is restricted, or the diet rich in fats…Explore more Diabetic Ketosis without Acidosis
Human Growth Hormone (HGH) also known as somatotropin is synthesized and secreted by the acidophilic cells of pituitary gland in response to Growth hormone releasing…Explore more Human Growth Hormone – Elixir of youth?