Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Synonyms: Thyroglossal cyst, Thyrolingual cyst, Thyroglossal duct remnant, TGDC, TDC, TGDR Definition: Thyroglossal duct cyst is a congenital malformation that occurs due to incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct which presents as a cystic midline neck swelling at birth. Thyroglossal fistulas are usually recognized by… Read More

Ophthalmology Spot Diagnosis: Buphthalmos

A. Synoynms: Hydrothalmos, Congenital glaucoma B. Definiton: Buphthalmos is the enlargement of the eye due to congenital glaucoma. C. Classification: True congenital glaucoma (Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) during intrauterine life) Infantile glaucoma (Birth to 3 years) Juvenile glaucoma (>3 years) D. Pathogenesis: Isolated trabeculo-dysgenesis: Absence… Read More