Ophthalmology Spot Diagnosis: Buphthalmos

A. Synoynms: Hydrothalmos, Congenital glaucoma B. Definiton: Buphthalmos is the enlargement of the eye due to congenital glaucoma. C. Classification: True congenital glaucoma (Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) during intrauterine life) Infantile glaucoma (Birth to 3 years) Juvenile glaucoma (>3 years) D. Pathogenesis: Isolated trabeculo-dysgenesis: Absence… Read More

ECG changes in Pericarditis

Synonyms: Acute pericarditis, Viral pericarditis, Infectious pericarditis Definition: Diffuse inflammation of the pericardial lining surrounding the heart and characterized by sharp pleuritic, retrosternal chest pain worsened with recumbency and relieved by leaning forwards. Causes of Pericarditis: a. Infectious: Viral: Coxsackievirus, Echovirus, Ebstein-Barr virus, Influenza, HIV,… Read More