Key Health Indicators of Nepal to Remember (NDHS, 2016)

These rates, ratios and proportions are often questioned in PGMEE, pediatrics, obstetrics and preventive and social medicine (PSM) or community medicine examinations.

nepal key health indicators

a. Neonatal mortality rate (NMR): 21 per 1000 live births

b. Infant mortality rate (IMR): 32 per 1000 live births

c. Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR): 39 per 1000 live births

d. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR): 239 deaths per 100,000 live births for the seven-year period before the survey. The confidence interval for the 2016 MMR ranges from 134 to 345 deaths per 100,000 live births.

e. Total Fertility Rate (TFR): 2.3

f. General Fertility Rate (GFR): 88

g. Crude Birth Rate (CBR): 22.4

h. Teenage pregnancy rate (15-19 years): 17%

i. Contraceptive prevalence rate (15-49 years, married/in-union): 53%

j. Atleast 1 antenatal contact with skilled provider: 84%

k. 4+ antenatal visits: 69%

l. Birth by skilled provider: 58%

m. Birth in health facilities: 57%

n. Stunting (< -2 SD for height-for-age; chronic malnutrition): 36% 

o. Severe stunting (< -3 SD for height-for-age): 12%

p. Wasting (< -2 SD for weight-for-height; acute or recent nutritional deficits): 10%

q. Severe wasting (< -3 SD for weight-for-height): 2%

r. Underweight: 27%

s. Severely underweight: 5%

t. Hypertension prevalence in age 15 and above: 17% of women and 23% of men

u. Hypertension prevalence in age 55-59: 32% of women and 36% of men

v. Exclusive breast feeding: 66%

w. Vitamin A coverage (children age 6-59 months): 86%

x. Some degree of anemia in children: 53%

y. Anemia in reproductive age women (15-49 years): 41%

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