Axillary Artery Mnemonics

Origin of Axillary Artery: Continuation of Subclavian artery

Extent of Axillary Artery: Outer border of 1st rib to Lower border of teres major (terminates as brachial artery)

Relation to Axillary Vein: Lateral to Axillary Vein

3 Parts of Axillary Artery: In relation to Pectoralis Minor muscle

  1. 1st part: Proximal
  2. 2nd part: Posterior
  3. 3rd part: Distal

axillary artery

Branches of Axillary Artery


1st part gives 1 branch, 2nd part gives 2 branches and 3rd part gives 3 branches.

Remember: SALt SPAce or Sixties Teens Loves Sex And Pot

  • Superior, Acromio- and Lateral thoracic artery
  • Subscapular, Posterior circumflex humeral, Anterior circumflex humeral (they run through spaces, i.e. triangular and quadrangular – see below)

Also remember: Teens grow up and die, i.e. Thoraco-acromial artery runs up (superiorly) and gives off 4 branches. “Cadavers Are Dead People” to remember 4 branches of thorac0-acromial artery –

  1. Clavicular
  2. Acromial
  3. Deltoid
  4. Pectoralis

Also remember: Sex goes down and ends in STd, i.e. Subscapular artery runs inferiorly and gives off 2 branches –

  1. Scapular circumflex artery
  2. Thoraco-dorsal artery

1st part: 1 branch

  1. Superior thoracic artery

2nd part: 2 branches

  1. Acromio-thoracic artery
  2. Lateral thoracic artery

3rd part: 3 branches

  1. Subscapular artery – cirumflex scapular artery travels through triangular space
  2. Anterior circumflex humeral artery
  3. Posterior circumflex humeral artery – travels through quadrangular space

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