Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are often self-prescribed by the patients and since PPIs are available over-the-counter, patients can have free access to them and for…Explore more Long term PPI use : Associated risks
Etiology and Risk factors of Gastric Carcinoma Mnemonic: 14 “A”s Animal foods (smoked, cured or preserved – contains high nitroso- compounds) Anti-oxidant poor foods Acetaldehyde in Alcohol…Explore more Gastric Carcinoma : Quick Review
Blatchford Score Admission risk marker Score component value Blood Urea (mg/dL) 18.2-22.4 2 22.4-28 3 28-70 4 >70 6 Haemoglobin (g/L) for men 12.0-12.9 1…Explore more Risk Stratification in Upper GI Bleeding
New Criteria for HRS 1. Cirrhosis with ascites 2. Serum creatinine >1.5mg/dl 3. No sustained improvement in renal function after 2 days of diuretic withdrawl…Explore more Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) – Quick revision
We have already discussed about the practical essentials about Ascitic Paracentesis including absolute contraindications, site of needle entry and appropriate volume replacement. Laboratory analysis of ascitic fluid…Explore more Ascitic Fluid Analysis : How to come to diagnosis?
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) Appears during incubation period (1-6 months), 2-7 weeks prior to symptoms. Peaks when the patient is most ill. Becomes undetectable…Explore more Interpreting Hepatitis B Serology in 5 Easy steps
Traube’s semilunar space Borders: Superiorly: Left 6th rib superiorly Laterally: Left midaxillary line or Left anterior axillary line Inferiorly: Left costal margin Method: Patient’s position:…Explore more Percussion of Spleen
This article is in response to the request made by a reader in the comment section. Today, we will try to simplify the biliary tree…Explore more Cholangiocarcinoma (Bile Duct Cancer) – Quick Review