Think of VITAMINS ABCDEK
V: Vascular (bleed or blocked), or anything related to hematology
I: Infective or Post-infective
T: Trauma or mechanical factors such as obstructions or pressure.
A: Autoimmune-related or Allergy
I: Idiopathic or Iatrogenic
S: Social reasons – child abuse and social deprivation
A: “Alcohol”-related issues
B: Behavioral or psychosomatic disorders
C: Congenital problems (entire VITAMINSABCDEK could be applied again in the congenital causes)
D: Degenerative disorders or Drug-related problems
E: Endocrine or exocrine problems
K: Karyotype or genetic disorders.
Zabidi-Hussin ZA. Practical way of creating differential diagnoses through an expanded VITAMINSABCDEK mnemonic. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2016 Apr 22;7:247-8. doi: 10.2147/AMEP.S106507. PMID: 27217805; PMCID: PMC4853007.