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The language development journey that children embark on between the ages of one and two is a captivating and critical aspect of their cognitive growth. This phase witnesses rapid strides in their speech and language abilities, signifying important developmental milestones.
Decoding Children’s Speech Development
Between the ages of one and two, children’s language skills take off spectacularly. They transition from mere babbling to uttering meaningful words, and eventually to forming basic sentences.
1. 12-15 Months: During this period, children start using one or two words such as “mama” or “dada” more intentionally. They also begin to follow simple instructions.
2. 16-18 Months: As they grow, children start incorporating more individual words into their speech. They also start identifying familiar faces and commonly seen objects.
3. 19-24 Months: Towards the end of this phase, children start combining words to create two-word phrases or simple sentences. Their vocabulary bank also sees a significant increase.
Influences on Children’s Speech Development
Several factors can impact the pace and manner of children’s speech development:
1. Language Exposure: Regular interaction with children can enhance their language skills, while limited conversation can impede development.
2. Hearing Ability: Any hearing impairments can negatively influence language development, underscoring the importance of early detection and intervention.
3. Developmental Disorders: Certain disorders can affect speech development, requiring professional evaluation and appropriate management.
4. Multilingual Environment: Children raised in multilingual environments may follow slightly different patterns in language development, which is normal and expected.
Supporting Children’s Speech Development
Parents and caregivers can actively support their children’s language development:
1. Engage in Dialogue: Regular conversations with your child can stimulate their language skills.
2. Read Together: Shared reading time can introduce children to new words and ideas, bolstering their language development.
3. Encourage Expression: Motivate your child to express their needs and thoughts, enhancing their communication skills.
4. Positive Reinforcement: Applaud your child’s speech attempts, boosting their confidence and motivation to speak more.
5. Seek Timely Help: If you notice any delay or issue in your child’s speech development, seek professional help early for proper guidance and intervention.
In conclusion, the period from one to two years is a key phase in a child’s speech development.
Article by Anil Baswal