Orexigenic and Anti-orexigenic peptides : Mnemonic

Orexigenic (Appetite stimulant) peptides Mnemonic: When you see MANGOEs, you feel like eating. MCH (Melanocyte Conentrating Hormone) AGRP (Agouti Related Peptide) NPY (Neuropeptide Y), Noradrenaline GnRH, GABA, Galanin, Ghrelin Orexins A and B Endorphins, Endocannabinoids Anti-orexigenic (Appetite supressant) peptides Mnemonic: NO BLACk PIGS Neurotensin Oxytocin, Oxyntomodulin Bombesin… Read More

Fetal Skull Dimensions : Mnemonic

Anteroposterior Diameters Mnemonic: Larger the alphabets, larger the diameter (V>F>B) Diameters with “sub” prefix are smaller than counterpart without it. mento-Vertical: 14 cm SUB-mento-Vertical: 11.5 cm occipito-Frontal: 11.5 cm SUB-occipito-Frontal: 10.5 cm sub-occipito-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm sub-mento-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm Transverse Diameters Mnemonic: MTP (Medical Termination of… Read More

Female Pelvis

Shapes of the female pelvis Mnemonic: GAP (In order of most common to the least common) Gynecoid (50%) – normal female pelvis Anthropoid (25%) – direct occipito-posterior position is most common in anthropoid pelvis Android (20%) – male type (face to pubes delivery, persistent occipito-posterior… Read More