Fetal Skull Dimensions : Mnemonic

Anteroposterior Diameters Mnemonic: Larger the alphabets, larger the diameter (V>F>B) Diameters with “sub” prefix are smaller than counterpart without it. mento-Vertical: 14 cm SUB-mento-Vertical: 11.5 cm occipito-Frontal: 11.5 cm SUB-occipito-Frontal: 10.5 cm sub-occipito-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm sub-mento-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm Transverse Diameters Mnemonic: MTP (Medical Termination of… Read More

Female Pelvis

Shapes of the female pelvis Mnemonic: GAP (In order of most common to the least common) Gynecoid (50%) – normal female pelvis Anthropoid (25%) – direct occipito-posterior position is most common in anthropoid pelvis Android (20%) – male type (face to pubes delivery, persistent occipito-posterior… Read More

Testicular Torsion

Learning Objectives List the differential diagnosis for an acutely painful scrotum. Understand the anatomical basis of testicular torsion. List common presenting signs and symptoms of testicular torsion. Describe both initial and definitive management of testicular torsion. Explain why torsion is an emergent condition and discuss… Read More