Edema – Physical Examination

Synonyms: Oedema Definition of Edema Accumulation of excessive amount of fluid in the extravascular interstitial space of the body. Interstitial space is the extravascular compartment of the extracellular fluid and surrounds the cells of a given tissue. Anasarca¬†is a severe and generalized edema with profound… Read More

Cyanosis – Physical Examination

Synonyms: Blue disease Definition¬†of Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane resulting from an increased concentration of reduced hemoglobin/deoxyhemoglobin (>5 gm/dl) or abnormal hemoglobin derivatives (eg. methemoglobin, sulfhemoglobin, etc.) in the capillary blood perfusing the area. Normally, cyanosis is evident when the Oxygen… Read More