Courvoisier’s law of Obstructive Jaundice

Synonyms: Courvoisier’s sign, Courvoisier syndrome, Courvoisier-Terrier sign, Bard-Pic disease Over years, the use of the term Courvoisier’s sign or gallbladder has been suggested instead of law, because of rising number of exceptions. Eponymous to: Ludwig Courvoisier (1843-1918) Definition of Courvoisier’s law Courvoisier’s (koor-vwah-zee-ayz) law states… Read More

Approach to a Child with Edema

Before beginning the clinical approach to a child with edema, it is necessary to understand the basics of fluid compartments, starling forces and technique of eliciting edema. Life threatening causes of Edema: Generalized: Cardiac disease Congestive Heart Failure Pericardial effusion Renal disease Nephrosis Nephritis Hepatic… Read More

Applied Anatomy of Palatine Tonsils

Synonyms: Tonsils (Unless otherwise specified, tonsils usually refers to palatine tonsils), Faucial tonsils Definition: Almond shaped, ovoid mass of lymphoid tissue situated bilaterally in the lateral wall of oropharynx within the tonsilar recess or sinus bounded by palatoglossal fold anteriorly i.e. anterior pillar and palatopharyngeal… Read More