Fetal Skull Dimensions : Mnemonic

Anteroposterior Diameters Mnemonic: Larger the alphabets, larger the diameter (V>F>B) Diameters with “sub” prefix are smaller than counterpart without it. mento-Vertical: 14 cm SUB-mento-Vertical: 11.5 cm occipito-Frontal: 11.5 cm SUB-occipito-Frontal: 10.5 cm sub-occipito-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm sub-mento-Bregmatic: 9.5 cm Transverse Diameters Mnemonic: MTP (Medical Termination of… Read More

Female Pelvis

Shapes of the female pelvis Mnemonic: GAP (In order of most common to the least common) Gynecoid (50%) – normal female pelvis Anthropoid (25%) – direct occipito-posterior position is most common in anthropoid pelvis Android (20%) – male type (face to pubes delivery, persistent occipito-posterior… Read More

Gastric glands and cells

Anatomically, stomach can be divided into 3 parts from above to below: Cardiac Fundus and body/corpus Pyloric/Antral Gastric pits deepen as we move below from cardiac to pyloric glands. Mucus secreting cells are present in all 3 glands – cardiac, fundic and pyloric but predominate… Read More